Konkurs English-Speaking Countries in a Nutshell
Rozpoczynamy kolejną edycję dzielnicowego konkursu realioznawczego dla uczniów najstarszych klas szkoły podstawowej, którego motywem przewodnim będzie w tym roku system edukacji w UK i USA, słynne uczelnie oraz kultowe firmy i pracodawcy.
Co tydzień będziemy publikować teksty z informacjami, które będą przydatne także dla uczestników konkursu kuratoryjnego języka angielskiego.
Zapraszamy do lektury i mamy nadzieję, że nasze publikacje zainteresują także innych czytelników 😊.
English-Speaking Countries in a Nutshell - The University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is one of the oldest and most respected universities in the world. It is located in the city of Oxford, about 90 km north-west of London. Its name comes from the old word ‘Oxanforda’ which means ‘a place in a river where cattle (or oxen) can cross safely’.
It may be interesting to know that residents and natives of Oxford are known as Oxonians.
The university has no exact date of foundation, but its history goes back to the 11th century. Teaching existed at Oxford as early as 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when King Henry II, for political reasons, banned English students from attending the University of Paris.
As the number of students and teachers at Oxford grew, there were some disagreements among the scholars. Eventually, some of them left the university in 1209, and founded a new one in Cambridge. These two universities are now great rivals, each one trying to outdo the other in research, scholarship, and sports. Cambridge and Oxford together are sometimes referred to as Oxbridge. The students who would like to study at one of these great institutions need to make up their mind and choose one or the other, as it is not possible to apply to both in the same year.
The University of Oxford consists of 39 colleges and six private halls with libraries, chapels, museums and picturesque gardens that attract thousands of tourists from all over the world. Indeed, there is much to be admired. For example, Oxford’s Botanical Garden is the oldest in the world. The Bodleian Library, founded in 1602, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe. It is also the second largest library in the United Kingdom after the British Library.
Thanks to its excellent reputation, Oxford is very popular among students from all over the world. International students who come to Oxford from more than 160 countries, make up almost 45% of the total student body.
Quite predictably, it is not easy to get to Oxford. Each year more than 23,000 bright young people apply to the university, which means there are on average around 7 applications for each available place.
The colleges look for candidates with the best school results in the subjects for which they apply, typically straight A’s at their A-level exams. Apart from achieving high grades, applicants need to take a written test, and may be asked to submit some written work. If a student’s application is shortlisted, they'll be invited to for an interview.
Until 1878, women could not study at the University of Oxford, and they were first allowed to take degrees at Oxford in 1920. Nowadays, all the colleges accept both men and women as students, and the number of male and female students is more or less equal.
Oxford University has a long list of famous alumni including Lewis Carroll, who wrote ‘Alice in Wonderland’; J. R. R. Tolkien, author of 'The Lord of the Rings'; 47 Nobel Prize winners, seven Catholic saints, 12 kings, 25 British Prime Ministers, and even a pope!
Interestingly, Oxford was not bombed during World War II, and historians believe the city was not destroyed because Hitler wanted Oxford to be the new capital of England after defeating it. Fortunately, Germany lost the war and Oxford remained one of the global centres of science and learning.